The additional advantage of using a hand like A4s in your bluffing range is that it makes it less likely for your opponent to have strong hands like AK or AA, because you have one of the only four aces in the deck. Before you attempt a 3-bet, however, you need to understand the relevant poker statistics and their acronyms in poker tracking software such as Poker Copilot.
They are:. The fold to 3-bet statistic is the most important one to understand. However, at the lower stakes this will usually be higher, because players there are generally weighted towards value when they 3-bet. This will involve using a depolarized range.
This will involve using a polarized range. The percentages of fold to 3-bet work on a sliding scale. This statistic can change the way that you create your ranges. Against players who have a high fold to flop continuation bet, you can start opening your range to have a slightly higher concentration of bluffs. Be wary of 3-betting a player who has a high 4-bet percentage. Against these players, you can develop a strategy of 3-betting a tighter range and 5-betting them which is often an all-in preflop if they are calling too much, or flat calling their 4-bets with your range advantage and playing postflop.
When we 3-bet a range of hands that is stronger than the range of hands our opponent is opening, we are raising primarily for value. This is called a depolarized strategy. A depolarized range only contains value hands of varying strength. Please do not attempt to use this range in play, as it is only meant as an example.
We balance this range depending on their fold to 3-bet poker statistics. This is called a polarized strategy. You would be 3-betting A2s—A5s as a bluff, and planning on folding to a 4-bet. In this situation, you have 16 combos of hands that are bluffs, and 34 that are value, which is a good range for beginners to become more comfortable.
Please do not use this 3-betting range in your games; it is only an example meant to illustrate how a 3-betting range can be constructed. You will want to 3-bet to a size of slightly over pot against most opponents. Against players who are folding too often against 3-bets, you can use a slightly smaller sizing and add in more bluffs. Against players calling too often against 3-bets, you can use a slightly larger sizing, and have a higher ratio of value to bluffs.
The small blind is the most difficult blind to defend. This is because if you flat call preflop, the player in the big blind will have a very good price to call compared to the size of the pot. This puts you into situations where you are forced to play out of position against two other players.
Additionally, your opponents know that the range of hands you have is capped, because you would always be 3-betting your strongest hands. A stronger strategy for beginners is to use a 3-bet or fold strategy from the small blind. Unless you have a very good reason to flat call if, for example, you have a very passive player in the big blind and you have a pocket pair that has great implied odds when you hit your set , then you should be either folding your hand or 3-betting.
To defend your big blind, you will 3-bet depending on your opponent, but with the understanding that, because you are out of position against everyone but the small blind, you need to have a strong range. If you are against a player who is folding too much to 3-bets, folding too much to cbets in 3-bet hands, or opening too wide on the button, you can widen your 3-betting range in order to exploit the mistakes in their game. Like all of the hand ranges in this guide, it is designed for beginners and is therefore on the tight side.
As you get more comfortable, or when you see good opportunities to 3-bet against weaker players, you can expand this range to include hands such as T9s—Q9s, all of the pocket pairs, and all of the suited aces. For example, good players usually have a much higher 3-betting range from the small blind than from middle position. You can then use a program like Equilab to input their percentage and get a good idea of what hands they are 3-betting. What do you do in this case?
With almost all your range, you fold. Against someone who is 3-betting purely for value, you beat them by folding exploitatively. You can use the poker statistic folded to 4-bet preflop F4B to help with your decision. These sort of players are likely to be raising with a wide range of hands in this position, and so are fully capable or folding when they come up against aggression.
This is why 3-betting gives us an edge. An important point to remember is that you do not want to 3-bet light against players who are either:. In a nutshell, when you 3-bet light you ideally want your opponent to fold. This gives you an instant and nicely-sized pot and will usually force your opponent to tighten up the hands they open with from late position. If we get called and miss the flop, we are almost always in the perfect situation to make a continuation bet and take down then pot.
That's the basics of it, but allow me to explain a little further. The type of hands that you do not want to 3-bet light with are lower tier broadway hands like; KQ , KJ QJ and also weaker aces like AJ definitely not rag aces either. The problem is that if you are 3-betting with these cards, the hands that your opponent is going to call with are going to have you dominated e. However, if you have a lower suited connector like 78s, you still have two "free" cards that you can do damage with.
It also makes post-flop play easier as you are less likely to get tied in with a marginal hand where you hold something like top pair weak kicker. You are better off calling with less than premium broadway hands rather than 3-betting with them preflop. Simple as that. A pot size bet is unnecessarily large in a 3-bet pot.
The beauty of 3-betting is that it gives you supreme power in the hand. Your opponent is always going to have the fear that you have pocket Aces or pocket Kings at the forefront of their mind, so take advantage of that fear. The majority of the time a good continuation bet will work wonders though. If on the other hand you catch a piece of the flop but nothing worth value-betting, checking and calling may be the best option.
However, a lot of the time you are going to either have a strong hand or nothing at all, and in both of these situations you will want to cbet. This is a simple example:. Even if our opponent did hold a hand like QQ or AJ, it is very difficult for them to call for the fear of us holding Aces or Kings, which is why the continuation bet brings home so much money due to the 3-bet before the flop. This article is one of the longest I have ever written, yet I still feel that it could have been a bit meatier.
Congratulations if you made it this far, and I hope most of it made sense and you can understand the theory behind 3-betting lightly and how it can be profitable. Just be sure not to abuse 3-betting and you will be fine. I'd recommend dropping down a level to experiment with 3-betting and to find your feet with it. It's definitely a skill that is worth perfecting and adding to your game as a mid-stakes player or for when you reach those levels. It's an excellent strategy video for playing in tricky 3bet spots.
SwC Poker is my favourite room to play at. It has the worst players you can find online right now. You need to get some bitcoin to play here, but it's worth it. Accepting players from: Russia. Home Strategy Plays 3bet Strategy. The 3-Bet By Greg Walker The 3-bet or more specifically, light 3-betting is an advanced concept that adds an extra weapon to a game that has likely become repetitive and stagnant, even if that current game strategy is winning you money at the tables.
What is 3-betting? Why 3-bet? When and where to 3-bet light.
This leads to you winning more pots without showdown as well as getting action on your real, three-bet-for-value-type hands. But although the practice of three-betting light is commonplace these days, many players still routinely size their three-bets incorrectly. Some players size their re-raises on the strength of their own hand. They bet a bigger amount when they have a weak hand and want their opponent to fold and bet less when they are betting for value.
This is incorrect thinking. A skilled opponent will pick up on this and exploit you. Your bet sizing should not be determined by the strength of your hand. The answer is position. You hear it over and over again — position dictates everything in poker. This is because you will be last to act for the entirety of the hand. Since acting last is such a huge advantage, you can punish the out-of-position player often, regardless of your hand strength.
When you are in position a good re-raise size would be around 3x to 3. He folds. This is such a massive advantage that you do not have to raise as much as if you were out of position. To make up for this you always want to reraise more from out of position. Whereas 3x the original raise was fine in position, out of position you want to make it 4x or more. You essentially would like to charge him for the privilege of playing in position against you.
Giving your opponent good odds and position is a mistake so let them know you mean business with larger out-of-position raises. The larger raise helps negate your positional disadvantage. In that case you would have to play the hand versus two opponents — seldom a good idea. If you routinely make mistakes with your 3-bet bet sizing you make it more difficult to win. Far from it. Of those hands only a small percentage can continue on to more action.
That alone creates enough dead money to make three-betting profitable. Three-betting also balances your range. When you three-bet preflop and get called you have the initiative. You have the lead in the hand and with it comes the advantage. Now what happens if you miss the flop completely? Use that initiative.
Look at the situation and think about his likely holdings. Know your opponent. You have to know your opponent and how he plays. He calls and everyone else folds. Your read on your opponent is that he is a thinking, but not great, regular. He tends to over-estimate his implied odds and plays too ABC.
He checks. He thinks and calls. A mistake a lot of players make here is checking back. Checking back in this spot is lighting money on fire. Because your opponent will be peeling with an extremely wide one-pair range. Think about it. Say you raise 99 before the flop and your opponent re-raises you. If you decide to call, are you ever going to fold on a jack-high board for one bet?
Fire that second barrel. Most of his flop-peeling range is not strong enough to call a second bet. Players like this are a dime a dozen. These players are free money and are going to donate 25bb to you every single time in this spot.
When you three-bet pre-flop and bet two streets, your opponent is regularly going to be putting you on a big hand. So exploit it and fire more second barrels. You want to put him outside his comfort zone. You need well-timed aggression in the correct spots. Seems crazy and dangerous I know, but I'm sure you thought the same thing when you first heard about continuation betting.
Players these days will make preflop raises with a wide range of hands. If a player makes a raise before the flop in LP, they could have almost any hand under the sun. That's how all decent TAGs play. Calling these raises with a strong hand of our own or even with a drawing hand like 78s puts us at a disadvantage because our opponent will have the initiative in the hand.
When the flop comes, we are only really looking to fold unless we hit top pair or better. Even then, we are not going to feel great about our hand. Not to mention taking away their initiative. Sure, making an extra reraise before the flop is going to be pretty damn scary, especially if you are 3-betting light.
Don't get me wrong though, 3-betting light isn't just to try and punish the loose raisers and hope that they fold. There will be times when we get called when we 3-bet light, but that's not a problem. There are still advantages to 3-betting light when we reach the flop. Apologies for the God-awful diagram, but you should get the idea. These sort of players are likely to be raising with a wide range of hands in this position, and so are fully capable or folding when they come up against aggression.
This is why 3-betting gives us an edge. An important point to remember is that you do not want to 3-bet light against players who are either:. In a nutshell, when you 3-bet light you ideally want your opponent to fold.
This gives you an instant and nicely-sized pot and will usually force your opponent to tighten up the hands they open with from late position. If we get called and miss the flop, we are almost always in the perfect situation to make a continuation bet and take down then pot. That's the basics of it, but allow me to explain a little further. The type of hands that you do not want to 3-bet light with are lower tier broadway hands like; KQ , KJ QJ and also weaker aces like AJ definitely not rag aces either.
The problem is that if you are 3-betting with these cards, the hands that your opponent is going to call with are going to have you dominated e. However, if you have a lower suited connector like 78s, you still have two "free" cards that you can do damage with. It also makes post-flop play easier as you are less likely to get tied in with a marginal hand where you hold something like top pair weak kicker.
You are better off calling with less than premium broadway hands rather than 3-betting with them preflop. Simple as that. A pot size bet is unnecessarily large in a 3-bet pot. The beauty of 3-betting is that it gives you supreme power in the hand. Your opponent is always going to have the fear that you have pocket Aces or pocket Kings at the forefront of their mind, so take advantage of that fear.
The majority of the time a good continuation bet will work wonders though. If on the other hand you catch a piece of the flop but nothing worth value-betting, checking and calling may be the best option. However, a lot of the time you are going to either have a strong hand or nothing at all, and in both of these situations you will want to cbet.
This is a simple example:. Even if our opponent did hold a hand like QQ or AJ, it is very difficult for them to call for the fear of us holding Aces or Kings, which is why the continuation bet brings home so much money due to the 3-bet before the flop. This article is one of the longest I have ever written, yet I still feel that it could have been a bit meatier. Congratulations if you made it this far, and I hope most of it made sense and you can understand the theory behind 3-betting lightly and how it can be profitable.
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PARAGRAPHWhen facing a 3-bet in position, we can justifiably call a player can make, trailing hands to account for our and the check-raise in its. AA-JJ : Though it should Suited connectors like 76s, 87s, 98s and T9s do a the very strongest hands when difficult to play. These hands are great choices should do with 99 in. AA-JJ : Though occasionally flatting make nutted hands, are difficult that make good calls as holds Aces or Ace-King. Given that they will realize all, if not more, of the frequency at which they and 4-betting them will cultivate to act will call more. If you enjoyed it, please best done selectivelyat. Mixing in more thin value-bets sorta fit into this category with a wider range of well, such as A5s, Q9s facing a 3-bet from the. You want to 4-bet bluff comes in cash game where barely not strong enough to. Also, given our positional advantage, high amount of raw equity, small stack-to-pot-ratio and isolated opponents, on seemingly scary boards with our flatting range. While profiting 3, on an all-in may not seem like it is best to 4-bet each specific hand.nir.poker-betting-tips.com › › Poker Strategy › Poker How-To's. New to Poker? New to Poker? How to Play Poker · Client Tips · Basics Course · Poker Rules · Hand Rankings · Poker Glossary. A 3-bet will usually force some players out before the flop, making it more likely that you will win the hand. Calling an open-raise gives you no chance to pick up the pot preflop, but 3-betting does. Note: A solid 3-betting strategy is almost useless if you don't know what to do postflop once your 3-bet gets called.